Your Career Options
There are various specialities in medicine, although many doctors are experienced in a variety of areas; general medical emergencies may demand a varied knowledge. Doctors examine patients, diagnose their condition and decide upon a suitable treatment. Specialties within medicine include pediatrics, cardiology, dermatology, geriatrics, neurology. Doctors work in teams comprising a number of specialists, and they supervise and co-operate with nurses,hospital technicians and ward staff.
Surgeons are concerned with patients who need operations and they are responsible for eachpatient before, during and after the operation. Surgeons are usually general surgeons, but most have a special area of expertise. Neurosurgeons diagnose disorders and injuries of the central peripheral nervous system, performing lengthy operations.Orthopaedic surgeons diagnose and treat injuries and diseases affecting the bones, tendons, joints and ligaments.Plastic surgery involves the delicate surgical repair of deformities, either those present since birth or those caused by injuries or burns in later life. Surgeons work closely with physiciansand other specialists before performing operations.
Pathologists investigate the causes and effects of disease. They work in laboratories,supervising the work of other laboratory staff, and often have little contact with patients. Other specialties within pathology include blood transfusion and medical microbiology.
Psychiatrists work with people suffering mental illness and with those with a mental handicap.They often work within a team of professionals including social workers, psychologists and occupational therapists.
There are different areas of specialization which are listed below :
D.M. (Doctor of Medicine)
Cardiology; Neurology; Gastroentrology
M.Ch. (Master of Surgery)
Plastic Surgery; Cardio-thoracic Surgery; Neuro-Surgery; Paediatric Surgery; Gastroentrology;
M.D. (Doctor of Medicine)
Medicine; Obstt. & Gynae; Paediatrics; Psychiatry; Anaesthesia; Dermatology;
Radiodiagnosis; Radiotherapy; Social & Preventive Medicine; Tuberculosis & Respiratory
Diseases; Pathology; Physiology; Pharmacology; Medical Biochemistry; Microbiology;
Forensic Medicine; Community Health Administration;
M.S. (Master of Surgery)
Surgery; Orthopaedics; E.N.T.; Ophthalmology; Anatomy
M.Sc. (Master of Science)
Medical Biochemistry; Medical Microbiology
Scope After M.B.B.S. :
-Direct permanent Commission/Short Service Commission in Army Medical Corps.
-Jobs in various state or private hospitals.
-Private practice after opening your own clinic
Union Public Service Commission conducts Combined Medical Services Examination for recruitment to various posts as
– Assistant Divisional Medical Officer in the Railways.
– Medical Officer in Municipal Corporations
– Central Health Service (Health Ministry)
– Indian Ordinance Factories Health Services (Ministry of Defence).
– Candidates are also eligible to sit for the Civil Services examination after M.B.B.S.